One Question Could Help Spot Drinking Problems in Teens

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One simple question may reveal a lot about a teen’s risk of developing an alcohol problem, a new study finds.

The study focused on teen alcohol screening, or questions that doctors can ask to flag those who may be at risk for problem drinking. Results showed that one question — how many days they drank in the past year  — was particularly good at spotting those at risk for a drinking problem, which researchers call alcohol use disorder.

Among teens who said they had one drink on at least three days, 44 percent were later found to have alcohol use disorder on a diagnostic test. Among the teens who answered no to the 3-days-per-year drinking question, 99 percent did not have alcohol use disorder, the researchers said.

The researchers took the screening a step further. They found that a screening test that included just this question, which was then followed by a detailed diagnostic test for teens who answered yes, could accurately identify 91 percent of teens with alcohol use disorder, the study found. Alcohol use disorder is drinking that is causing people harm or distress, including problems at school and with relationships.

Because doctors often have only a short time to spend with patients, researchers have tried to come up with ways to assess a patient’s risk for alcohol disorder with just a few questions. A two-question screening test based on people’s age already exists for teens. But the new study suggests that just one question about a teen’s frequency of alcohol use “would be a simple, brief, and cost-effective clinical assessment procedure,” said the researchers, from the University of Pittsburgh.

The study was based on surveys of nearly 1,200 teens ages 12 to 17 in rural Pennsylvania. Participants answered not only screening questions, but also questions to diagnose alcohol use disorder based on the latest definition in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-5).

About 10 percent of participants in the study over age 14 met the criteria for having alcohol use disorder, the researchers found.

Injection of Tiny Beads Could Curb Hunger, Promote Weight Loss

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A small injection could lead to decreased feelings of hunger as well as major weight loss, a small new study finds.

The procedure, known as bariatric arterial embolization, has only been tested in seven patients, and much more research will be needed in order to confirm its safety and effectiveness.

However, the doctors who completed the study are “excited about the possibility of adding [the procedure] as another tool for health care providers to offer patients in the effort to curb” the obesity epidemic, said Dr. Clifford Weiss, the director of interventional radiology research at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine and the leader of the study, in a statement.

The procedure involves injecting microscopic beads into the blood through a tiny nick in the wrist or groin. These beads travel to a part of the stomach called the fundus, where they decrease the amount of blood flow to the area. (The fundus is located toward the top of the stomach, near the part where the esophagus adjoins it.)

Scientists suspect that the fundus may play an important role in weight loss because it produces most of the body’s ghrelin, also known as the hunger hormone. By decreasing blood flow to the fundus, the procedure may limit the amount of ghrelin that the fundus secretes, which could minimize hunger and help patients lose weight, the researchers hypothesized.

Compared to weight loss surgery (also called bariatric surgery), “bariatric arterial embolization is significantly less invasive and has a much shorter recovery time,” Weiss said.

Six women and one man were included in the study. All of the patients had a BMI that was between 40 and 50 — which is considered “severely obese” — but otherwise, they did not have other health problems, according to the researchers.

All of the patients lost a significant amount of weight after the procedure, the researchers said. After one month, the patients lost, on average, 5.9 percent of their excess body weight, according to the study. At the end of three months, the patients had lost an average of 9.5 percent of their excess weight, and by six months, an average of 13.3 percent of their excess weight.

In comparison, six months after surgery, patients who have had bariatric surgery may lose about 30 percent to 40 percent of their excess body weight, according to the Mayo Clinic.

In addition, the patients also reported dramatic reductions in theirhunger levels, according to the researchers. To measure hunger, for several days before and after their follow-up visits, the researchers asked the participants to fill out a questionnaire about appetite and satiety (the feeling of fullness). Two weeks after the procedure, the patients reported, on average, an 81 percent average decrease in hunger; at one month, they reported an average decrease of 59 percent; and at three months, an average 26 percent decrease, according to the study.

The researchers also found that patients’ ghrelin levels decreased by an average of 17.5 percent at three months after the procedure.

While the results of the study are promising, the “research is still in its early stages,” Weiss said. The study demonstrated that the procedure is safe. Now, researchers can carry out more clinical trials with larger numbers of patients in order to test how effective the procedure may be, and how long-lasting its effects may be, he said.

The results of the study were presented on April 3 at the Society of Interventional Radiology’s annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia. The findings have not been published in a peer-reviewed journal.

Three Ways To Get The Most Out Of Your Exercise Routine

If you’ve recently realized that implementing and sticking to a workout program is a great way to optimize your health, it’s time to get things going and growing so you can look and feel your very best. There are a wide range of strategies you can put in place to ensure that you’re getting the most out of your exercise program. Here are three of them:

1. Lift Weights.

Oftentimes, individuals who are new to the workout world focus on cardiovascular forms of exercise like running, cycling, and step aerobics. While all of these exercises are important, it’s immensely important that you integrate weight-lifting into your workout routine. This mode of exercise will bring several distinct benefits, such as increased muscle mass, enhanced metabolism, and improved digestion. If you’ve never lifted weights before, don’t be intimidated. You can typically obtain assistance from industry professionals by joining your local gym.

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2. Develop SMART Goals.

Another great way to optimize your exercise program is by developing goals. People who write down their goals are more effective in realizing them, so give yourself every advantage you can. As you write your fitness-related goals down, make sure that they are SMART: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic, and Time-specific. An example of a good goal would be: “I will lift weights for 30 minutes on Tuesdays and Thursdays to gain two pounds of muscle mass each month.”

3. Optimize Your Diet.

One final technique you should deploy to optimize your exercise routine is enhancing your diet. The quality of your food determines the quality of your workout. As such, the food you eat has a direct impact on the results you get. With this idea in mind, it’s a good idea to take a critical look at your current eating patterns and then make positive changes that will enable you to attain as many of the vitamins, minerals, and nutrients your body needs to function properly. You can utilize online tools like www.cronometer.com to track your daily caloric intake and also examine your micronutrient and macronutrient intake.

An Important Side Note

As you move forward with your exercise program, remember that the presence of disease in your body can preclude you from optimizing results. For this reason, it’s a good idea to eliminate any disease that is present in your body. You can obtain testing kits from companies such as Diagnostic Automation/Cortez Diagnostics, Inc. This company offers the tumor marker test as well as kits for other conditions such as diabetes and cancer.

Conclusion

If you’ve recently started exercising and want to consistently attain incredible results, now is the time to get the show on the road. Utilize the helpful fitness tips outlined above to ensure that you can attain the incredible results you need and deserve!

Exercising with Stretching Machines– Why It Is So Special?

As we advanced more as a society we tend to become more aware of the importance and benefits of staying fit mentally and physically by doing workout daily, which in turn helps us to lead a quality life. Having the habit of doing stretching exercises plays an important and influential part on our body’s capability to perform well and give the desired result. What better way to better our lives by being healthy – mentally and physically fit than by create a gym like environment at the comfort of our own homes by owning a stretching machine.

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Why Exercising with Stretching Machine is so Special?

The answer is very simple. A stretching machine allows or enables the users to do all kinds of stretching exercises which will benefit you in many ways. With the help of a stretching machine, we can do stretching exercises in correct postures and positions of various muscles of our body without getting pain or hurt in the process.

A good Stretching Machines gives you benefit to all your core muscles in your body.

  • Adductors/Hamstrings
  • Calf-Gastroc
  • Calf-Soleus
  • Gluteus
  • Hips/Quadriceps
  • Hamstrings
  • Inner thigh/Groin
  • Low Back
  • Lats-Back
  • Quadriceps

 

Benefits of exercising with Stretching Machines:

By stretching the muscles with the help of stretching machines in a correct posture, we get the benefits of – strengthening the flexibility of our body, improving the motions in our joints, strengthening the blood circulation, relieving stress, improving the posture, position and technique of our body, improving the elasticity and power of our muscles, strengthening our metabolism, and enabling our body to function more by using less energy. For you to get free from either tightness of the muscles or deepen the stretch of your muscles, a stretch machine will take you there.

But in case if you are doing stretching exercises on your own way, without correct technique, without a stretching machine or you do not have the habit of doing exercises related to stretching of your muscles, chances are high of you having side effects like shrinking mobility, decrease in the metabolism of your muscles.

Since there is no harm when we do stretching exercises on a daily basis, so it is a much to have a stretching machine at your comfort zone to lead a healthy, fit – mentally and physically. So, without much giving a thought, go ahead and buy a stretching machine that has strong built frame with comfortable and suitable paddingknee and seat pads, sleek style with great value, has the capability to adjust to variable sizes of users, easily mobile and transferrable, having an awesome warranty, and most important, the one that aims at all the core muscle parts in your body. Some good stretching machines in the market, to name a few, like – Element Fitness Commercial Stretch Machine, Motive Fitness TotalStretch TS200 Commercial Body Stretching Machine, Precor 240i StretchTrainer etc.

Final Conclusion:

In short, all I can say is that a stretching machine is special in so many ways. So, go ahead and buy one today and develop a habit for stretching every day, start your exercise of stretching your muscles with the help of a stretching machine and start making your body flexible, strong and healthy. Either you are stretching out relating to sports or because you had a long day sitting in front of your laptop working, the outcome of doing stretching exercises on a stretching machine is incredibly sensational, brilliant and astonishing. Oh, and Do NOT FORGET to enjoy while you are busy building up a healthy and fit body.